In parts of the underdeveloped world, teen pregnancy is still commonplace. Normally, each child born to a young girl is seen as a gift.
Despite the fact that the teen birth rate is steadily declining, an estimated one million teen pregnancies still occur each year. Unplanned pregnancies account for about 82 percent of these pregnancies, which can raise the risk of difficulties in any group. Delaying prenatal treatment, or worse, receiving no care at all, is the most serious danger for teen moms.
Delay in pregnancy testing, denial, or even fear of informing people about the pregnancy are all common reasons for not receiving prenatal care. Most states offer a health department or university clinic where teen mothers can get free or low-cost prenatal treatment, and patient confidentiality is paramount, which means no one can notify the adolescent mother’s family.
Teenage moms are less likely to gain appropriate weight during pregnancy, resulting in Low Birth Weight, which is linked to baby and childhood illnesses as well as a high newborn mortality rate. Low-birth-weight kids are more likely to have underdeveloped organs, which can cause concerns like brain hemorrhage, respiratory distress syndrome, and digestive issues.
Children born to teenage mothers have a lower chance of receiving adequate nourishment, health care, and cognitive and social stimulation. As a result, they may have a low IQ and perform poorly in school.
Children’s reactions to teen pregnancy. These kids are considerably more likely to grow up in poverty, have more health issues, be subjected to more abuse and neglect, fail in school, become teen mothers, perform delinquent behaviors and adult crimes, and have unsuccessful adult marriages and other relationships.
Early childbirth has evident consequences for underprivileged youths. Trying to separate the circumstances that lead to adolescent pregnancy from the consequences, on the other hand, creates a “which came first, the chicken or the egg?” conundrum. Early childbearing is thought to be associated with educational failure, poverty, unemployment, and low self-esteem. Teen pregnancy is also more likely as a result of these situations.
Teen moms, on average, have poorer educational attainment than other women, limiting their professional prospects and increasing their risk of economic dependency. Only 70% of teen moms graduate from high school or get their GED, and they have considerably fewer risk factors. Some life situations put girls at a higher chance of becoming adolescent moms, while it is not unavoidable. Poverty, low academic achievement, growing up in a single-parent home, having a mother who was an adolescent mother, and having a pregnant sibling are just a few examples.
Because of their known unfavorable impact on perinatal outcomes and long-term morbidity, teenage pregnancies have become a public health concern. However, the high prevalence of poverty, poor level of education, and single marital status among teenage mothers often confounds the link between young maternal age and long-term disease.
When maternal education, marital status, poverty level, and race are adjusted, the negative effects diminish, and some protective effects are detected.